Hydrogen, the emergence of a clean energy
“Native”, “natural”, “white” or “geological”, hydrogen is produced naturally in the ground, without external energy. Natural hydrogen provides an additional solution to the low carbon hydrogen mix.
What is hydrogen?
What are its characteristics?
Hydrogen is the most widespread element in the universe, main constituent of the sun and most of the stars.
Its pure form, di-hydrogen, is being created naturally by chemical reactions in the earth’s crust.
Hydrogen is mostly associated with other elements to form molecules (water, methane, starch, sugar, alcohol, etc.)
It is the smallest and lightest element – 14 times lighter than air – making it highly volatile.
Natural hydrogen contains 3 times more energy than gasoline.
Non-toxic and odourless
Its pure form, di-hydrogen is invisible, odorless and non-toxic.
The hydrogen market in Europe
H₂ production sources in Europe
No Data Found
Source: economie.gouv.fr, France Hydrogèene (AFHYPAC), IHS Markit, Les Echos
- Hydrogen as a chemical compound
- Hydrogen as an energy vector
- Hydrogen as fuel
Hydrogen and its main production methods
Hydrogen from geological sources for 45-8 ENERGY
45-8 ENERGY has a strong interest in hydrogen of geological origin, originating and generated from the subsurface. We are exploring:
Native hydrogen is produced naturally in the subsurface. Its formation requires no critical materials, no anthropogenic energy and does not impact the available water resource.
Native hydrogen is still little known and yet it appears to be a complementary solution to other low-carbon hydrogen production processes, an essential pillar in the energy transition we are experiencing.
To date, several potential areas have been identified by 45-8 ENERGY. This is the case, for example, with our application for an exploration permit, currently under investigation, in Kosovo.
Local blue hydrogen
In some geological contexts, helium and natural hydrogen can sometimes be associated with methane.
Considering the climatic urgency and the sovereignty regarding the production of strategic resources, 45-8 ENERGY envisages the transformation on site of these possible fractions of methane into blue hydrogen, thanks to the process of “vaporeforming”.
The carbon dioxide generated by this process will be captured and purified to supply local consumer industries (food industry, dry ice manufacturers, fire-fighting, etc.), in a market that is also tight.
To date, 45-8 ENERGY is evaluating this possibility of producing local hydrogen on site, always with the will to co-value the resources (helium, methane and carbon dioxide). This is the case, for example, in Brandenburg with the Guhlen II project, where local blue hydrogen production could be envisaged (if the exploration licence is approved by the local authorities).
Hydrogen in few figures
Source: Opportunities for Hydrogen Energy Technologies considering the National Energy & Climate Plans, Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, 2020